US says new round of talks with China were 'constructive'

A U.S. flag flies on a U.S. consulate car, with the backdrop of buildings in the Lujiazui financial district, outside a hotel where U.S. trade negotiators are staying, in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (Greg Baker/Pool Photo via AP)
CORRECTS SPELLING TO STEVEN INSTEAD OF STEVE - Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, right, sits with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, second from left, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, left, before the start of talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
CORRECTS SPELLING TO STEVEN INSTEAD OF STEVE - Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, center, poses with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, right, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin pose for photos before holding talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
CORRECTS SPELLING TO STEVEN INSTEAD OF STEVE - Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, right, welcomes U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, left, and Treasury Secretary Steve, Mnuchin, center before holding talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
CORRECTS SPELLING TO STEVEN INSTEAD OF STEVE - Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, right, looks over as U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, third from left, gestures near Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, second from left, before the start of talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
Chinese police officers patrol outside the Xijiao Conference Center where U.S. and Chinese trade officials have gathered for talks in Shanghai on Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, center, poses with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, right, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, for photos before holding talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
A U.S. flag flies on a U.S. consulate car, with the backdrop of buildings in the Lujiazui financial district, outside a hotel where U.S. trade negotiators are staying, in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (Greg Baker/Pool Photo via AP)
CORRECTS SPELLING TO STEVEN INSTEAD OF STEVE -Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, right, welcomes U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, center, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, left, before holding talks at the Xijiao Conference Center in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)
Workers pass by the Xijiao Conference Center where U.S. and Chinese trade officials gathered for talks in Shanghai Wednesday, July 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, Pool)

SHANGHAI — U.S. and Chinese envoys held "constructive" trade talks on Wednesday, the White House said, after President Donald Trump rattled financial markets by accusing Beijing of trying to stall in hopes he will fail to win reelection in 2020.

The meeting, aimed at ending a tariff war over trade and technology, ended about 40 minutes ahead of schedule. Neither delegation spoke to reporters before U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin left for the airport.

But White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham said in a statement hours later that "the meetings were constructive," and that talks are expected to resume in Washington in September.

According to the statement, the Chinese confirmed their commitment to President Donald Trump to buy more U.S. agricultural exports, something Trump had publicly been casting doubt on.

Economists had said quick breakthroughs were unlikely because the two governments face the same disagreements over China's technology policy and trade surplus that caused talks to break down in May. Trump and President Xi Jinping agreed in June to resume negotiations but neither has given any sign of offering big concessions.

The dispute over U.S. complaints that Beijing steals or pressures companies to hand over technology has battered exporters on both sides and disrupted trade in goods from soybeans to medical equipment. Trump has raised tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese imports while Beijing responded by taxing $110 billion of U.S. products.

Chinese leaders are resisting U.S. pressure to roll back plans for government-led development of industry leaders in robotics, artificial intelligence and other technologies. Washington complains those efforts depend on stealing or pressuring foreign companies to hand over technology.

For their part, American negotiators are reluctant to cede to Chinese demands that punitive U.S. tariffs be lifted immediately. Trump wants to keep some penalties in place to ensure Beijing carries out any agreement.

Rhetoric on both sides has hardened, prompting suggestions U.S. and Chinese leaders are settling in for a "war of attrition."

In Washington, Trump accused Beijing of wanting to stall through the 2020 presidential election in hopes of being able to negotiate with a more malleable Democrat. He said that if reelected, he would get "much tougher" with Beijing.

"China would love to wait and just hope," Trump told reporters Tuesday.

"They'll pray that Trump loses," he said. "And then they'll make a deal with a stiff, somebody that doesn't know what they're doing."

Separately on Twitter, Trump warned that if he wins in 2020, "the deal that they get will be much tougher than what we are negotiating now ... or no deal at all."

Asian stock markets tumbled Wednesday after Trump's comments. The Shanghai Composite Index shed 0.7%, Hong Kong's market benchmark dropped 1.3% and Tokyo lost 0.9%.

Trump's "aggressively tinged" remarks were a "stark reminder to investors that the U.S. and China are no closer to an agreement and, in fact, might be drifting farther apart," Stephen Innes of VM Markets said in a report.

Negotiators in Shanghai were also expected to discuss the fate of telecom equipment giant Huawei Technologies Ltd. Washington put the company, China's first global tech brand, on a security list in May that blocks purchases of U.S. components and technology.

The United States says Huawei is a national security threat, an accusation the company denies. Trump has said it could be a bargaining chip in the trade dispute.

___

McDonald reported from Beijing.

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